Deng Xiaoping Theory

2021-05-04 22:27:24

Deng Xiaoping Theory——邓小平理论

After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the CPC, represented by Deng Xiaoping, drawing from the experience and lessons since the founding of the PRC, made a historic decision to focus on economic development and implement reform and opening up. Freeing up their minds and seeking truth from facts, they ushered in a new era of Chinese socialism, established the basic guidelines and policies for developing socialism in China, provided answers to the questions of establishing, consolidating and developing socialism in China, and established the core role of Deng Xiaoping Theory.

Deng Xiaoping T'heory took shape through the drive for overall rectification in 1975, and the theoretical outline gradually formed after the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, and the 12th and 13th CPC National Congresses. In 1992 it was generalized as the theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics at the 14th National Congress. At the 15th National Congress in 1997 the scientific concept of "Deng Xiaoping Theory" was officially established as the Party's guiding ideology, together with Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, and incorporated in the Party Constitution. In March 1999, the second session of the Ninth NPC passed a Constitutional amendment to establish the guiding role of Deng Xiaoping Theory in state politics and social life

Deng Xiaoping Theory addresses the fundamental questions of what is socialism and how to build socialism. It provided for the first time preliminary answers to a series of basic questions concerning national reunification and socialism with Chinese characteristics, such as the path to development and the stage that China had reached, the fundamental task, motive force, external conditions, political guarantee, strategic steps, leadership of the CPC and the forces of reliance, thereby forming a relatively complete and scientific system.

Deng Xiaoping Theory integrated the basic principles of Marxism- Leninism with actual practice in contemporary China. It took into account the characteristics of the times, and inherited and developed Mao Zedong Thought under the new conditions.

A crystallization of the collective" wisdom of the CPC, it represents a new stage of Marxism in contemporary China, and provides guidance for socialism with Chinese characteristics.